Szczegóły ebooka

Hydraulic Systems in Heavy Construction Equipment

Hydraulic Systems in Heavy Construction Equipment

Paweł Ciężkowski, Jan Maciejewski, Adam Zawadzki


Książka jest angielskojęzycznym odpowiednikiem opracowania - Układy hydrauliczne w maszynach roboczych (OWPW, Warszawa 2021)

The authors of the publication entitled "Hydraulic systems in heavy construction equipment", want to acquaint students of mechanical faculties and operators of working and construction machinery with the fundamental knowledge of the designing of hydraulic systems, both their cylinders and control elements. The manuscript presents information on hydrokinetic and hydrostatic hydraulic systems. The work discusses the basic components of hydraulic systems used in working machinery, in particular: hydraulic pumps and motors, cylinders, valves, directional control valves, accumulators.

Chapter one of this book discusses the basic hydraulic components used in working machinery, their functions, purpose and presents basic calculations. Chapter two presents basic information on open, closed, constant output and constant power hydraulic systems. The ways of controlling the systems are discussed on the basis of hydraulic system diagrams. Chapter three presents current trends in drive systems used in working machines, i.e.: the driving mechanism, the turning mechanism, the rotation mechanism of the working attachment, and discusses the system of cooperation of the hydraulic cylinder with the working attachment working in the crank and lever system (chapter four). The manual presents a method for determining the forces and moments acting on work attachments generated by hydraulic cylinders (force) and hydraulic motors (torque). Chapter five is devoted to specialized control systems for work attachments in construction machinery. Chapter six presents basic information on maintenance and operation of hydraulic systems of working machinery, i.e.: unloading hydraulic systems, deaerating hydraulic systems, performing daily maintenance, replacing hydraulic components.

Foreword 7

List of symbols 8

1. Basic components of hydraulic systems 9

1.1. Introduction 9

1.2. Hydraulic pumps and motors 15

1.2.1. Fundamentals of hydraulic pumps 15

1.2.2. Types and designs of displacement pumps 24

1.2.3. Fundamentals of hydraulic motors 27

1.2.4. Types and designs of hydraulic motors 28

1.3. Hydraulic cylinders 30

1.3.1. Fundamentals of hydraulic cylinders 30

1.3.2. Types and designs of hydraulic cylinders 33

1.4. Valves 36

1.5. Directional control valves 37

1.6. Joysticks, ways of controlling work attachments 40

1.7. Accumulators 42

1.7.1. Funadamentals of hydraulic accumulators 42

1.7.2. Types and designs of accumulators 44

1.8. Oil filters 45

1.9. Oil coolers 46

1.10. Quick release couplings 46

1.11. Hydraulic lines 47

1.12. Oil tanks 49

2. Overview of basic hydraulic drive systems 50

2.1. Introduction 50

2.2. Hydrokinetic drive 52

2.3. Hydrostatic drive 56

2.3.1. Wheeled undercarriage 57

2.3.2. Tracked undercarriage 60

2.3.3. Track sets 61

2.3.4. Road and railway machines 61

2.4. Control systems used in working machinery 62

2.5. Steering systems of wheeled vehicles 64

2.6. Excavator body rotation mechanism 66

2.7. Other drivetrains – hybrid systems 67

3. Design of hydrostatic systems in working machines 70

3.1. Introduction 70

3.2. Open hydraulic circuit 75

3.3. Closed hydraulic circuit 76

3.4. Constant power syste m 77

3.5. Single pump control systems 78

4. Systems of cooperation between hydraulic cylinders and working attachments 82

4.1. General informations about kinematic systems used in construction machinery equipment 82

4.2. Elementary crank mechanism 85

4.3. Lever mechanism 93

4.3.1. Introduction 93

4.3.2. Determination of geometric relationships for the lever mechanism 94

4.3.3. Determination of angle γ as a function of cylinder length l 95

4.3.4. Determination of the bucket angular velocity ω3 as a function of the cylinder length 96

4.3.5. Determination of forces and moments of forces in the lever mechanism 98

5. Selected control systems of working machinery attachments 100

5.1. Introduction 100

5.2. Loader attachment control system with floating bucket function 100

5.3. Hydraulic system for fan drive with variable direction of rotation 105

5.4. Hydraulic diesel engine control (DHC) 106

5.5. Protection of the hydraulic line against pressure jumps caused by a sudden impact of the cylinder on an obstacle 106

6. Hydrostatic system maintenance 107

6.1. Introduction 107

6.2. Unloading of the hydrostatic system 107

6.3. Deaeration of the hydrostatic system 108

6.4. Oils used in the hydraulic systems of machines 108

6.5. Replacement of hydraulic lines 113

6.6. Maintenance of hydraulic systems 114

6.7. Examples of defects in hydraulic pumps 116

Conclusions 118

References 119

  • Tytuł: Hydraulic Systems in Heavy Construction Equipment
  • Autor: Paweł Ciężkowski, Jan Maciejewski, Adam Zawadzki
  • ISBN: 978-83-8156-545-5, 9788381565455
  • Data wydania: 2023-07-31
  • Format: Ebook
  • Identyfikator pozycji: e_3hbm
  • Wydawca: Oficyna Wydawnicza Politechniki Warszawskiej