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An Interreligious Dialogue: Portrayal of Jews in Dutch French-Language Periodicals (1680-1715)

An Interreligious Dialogue: Portrayal of Jews in Dutch French-Language Periodicals (1680-1715)

This monograph analyses the way that Jews were portrayed in various scholarly journals and lay gazettes published in French in the United Provinces of the Netherlands, mostly by Huguenot refugees. Many of these sources have previously escaped scholarly attention, and as such are valuable sources for exploration. The scholarly journals are mostly focused on the discussion of historical and theological aspects of Jewish people and Judaism, the origins of their language and its influence on others, and their customs and nuances related to worship. The lay gazettes discuss gossip and contemporary events, portraying the Jews as their editors see them. Jews were depicted in these sources in several unique ways which are identified in this study. Particular attention is given to the dimension of privacy, which provides an additional tool of analysis aimed at better understanding how these constructs were created. The final part of this book examines how Muslims in general and Turks in particular, as well as the Siamese, were portrayed in the same sources, in order to investigate whether they were treated differently than the Jews.

List of Illustrations        7

Acknowledgements      11


Introduction  13

Interreligious and Intercultural Dialogue  13

Historical Background  17

The Huguenots       17

Huguenot Refuge in the United Provinces of the Netherlands    19

Jews in France          22

Jews in the United Provinces of the Netherlands           23

Republic of Letters and Its Scholarly Journals        35

The Gazettes    38

Notions of Privacy and Private Life          40

Methodology   41


Part I. Jewish Image in the Scholarly Journals    43

Nouveau journal des sçavans       43

Journal littéraire            51

Histoire critique de la République des Lettres        57


Part II. Jewish Image in the French-Language Dutch Lay Gazettes        73

Lannée burlesque ou recueil des pieces       73

Lesprit des cours de l’Europe       89


Part III. Non-Christians in Scholarly Journals and Gazettes       93

Islam   93

The Ottoman Turks      96

The Kingdom of Siam   101


Conclusion      107

Bibliography    111

Primary Sources      111

Secondary Literature 113

Webography            120

Index Nominum          121

Index Locorum            123